The dipartimento 1 / The reparto 2 / Emphyteusis

Gola d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the reparto with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is verso series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, per riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, puro the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up onesto the “terra rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place senior friend finder name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Monna “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled durante our area per 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Pigiare.

THE Dipartimento 2

The landscape of Gola d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing to build what Cesare Brandi calls “per countryside planned like a city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; a tight network of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like con bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of work but also the communautaire and relational ones.

Peasants used esatto live mediante the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side con town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and per few great landowners. Such a dichotomy necessarily led onesto the creation of communautaire subsets that developed adjustment strategies puro manage limits and possibilities within their respective accommodant and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers mediante esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard sistema and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned preciso those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did mai manual job at all.

EMPHYTEUSIS

The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks preciso the typical lease contract of this area, called emphyteusis. According sicuro this contract, per big landowner leased his property preciso verso group of farmers, each of whom took verso portion for a yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had niente affatto expiration date and could be passed on onesto one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards sicuro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating verso multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required a lot of time and hard rete informatica, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce chicchera resources, (according onesto estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into per vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of work – almost 5 and per half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families preciso live mediante the countryside, than having onesto move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families sicuro “migrate” from the old town esatto the countryside, thus leaving per typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Memoria e un intenzione dell’Associazione Intellettuale “Il tre ruote brillo” garantito dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Sezione della Giovinezza di nuovo del Favore Corretto nazionale nell’ambito del bando “Adolescenza per il Collettivo” – CUP J18I15000150008

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